Membres AEGIS

Dr Ilaria Caloi

PhD Title :

22-Apr-10 I depositi ceramici MM IB-MM IIB dalla necropoli di Kamilari nella Messarà (Creta)

Sujet de recherche :

The Palace of Phaistos: Minoan Crete and social complexity

This project focuses on the first phases of the palace of Phaistos, and building on recent works carried out at the site aims at attempting a first comprehensive account of the functions of the First Minoan palaces. The site at Phaistos, although long neglected in narratives on the emergence of the complex society in Crete at the beginning of the II millennium BC, is the only palatial site which yields crucial evidence of the first phases of the palatial emergence in Crete.

The results achieved from my long work at Phaistos, combined with the resulting data from the researches conducted by the Italian equipe and from the survey of the Phaistos region, have convinced me that the best way to reconstruct the nature of the palatial site and the role played in its region is to focus on the site-level complexity. This project wants to analyse the level of the community of the Phaistos town, that means the agglomerations of buildings which were built around the main palatial building and which have preserved contemporary destruction levels of MM IIB. The contextual analysis of all the MM IIB Phaistian buildings is the best way to understand the functions of the single areas of the Phaistos town, and thus to reconstruct the role played by each of them in the socio-political dynamics of the site. This work will be fundamental in answering whether the nature of the palace is heterarchical or hierarchical, as well as whether the palace of Phaistos took form in an independent way, following its own development from Prepalatial period, or following other Cretan palatial models.

Scientific participations :

Project SARPEDON (Sissi Archaeological Project ; Université Catholique de Louvain) on the study of the Neopalatial pottery from Sissi, North-Eastern Crete (Director : Prof. J. Driessen, Université Catholique de Louvain). Project ANR DIKIDA 2011-2014 (CNRS with Université de Strasbourg, UMR 7044: Etudes des civilisations de l’Antiquité) on the relationship between the Cretan regions of Mesara and of Mirabello Golf (Director : D. Lefèvre-Novaro).

PRIN (Projects of relevant national interest), 2007-2008

‘Oltre l’eguaglianza: spazi comunitari e dimensione individuale nel Mediterraneo preistorico’ (Director: V. La Rosa, University of Catania, in collaboration with F. Carinci, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice).

PRIN (Projects of relevant national interest), 2005-2006

‘Creta, l’Egeo e il Mediterraneo: tra insularità e centralità. L’elaborazione degli assemblaggi cultuali in ambito palatino come indice di interrelazioni mediterranee’ (Director: V. La Rosa, University of Catania, in collaboration with F. Carinci, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice)

Publications :

Ilaria Caloi sur Academia.edu

Excavations and fieldwork

Excavations – 2009 Crete (soundings): cemetery of Kamilari (near Phaistos): main tholos tomb and tholos tomb of Mylona Lakkos, 28th July – 4th August, trench supervisor (directed by prof. Vincenzo La Rosa) – 2004 Crete: Phaistos, façade of the Second palace, 27th June –7th August, trench supervisor (directed by prof. Vincenzo La Rosa) – 2001 Crete: Phaistos, House to the South of the Ramp, 12th August- 26th August, trench supervisor (directed by prof. Vincenzo La Rosa) – 2000 Crete: Phaistos, House to the South of the Ramp, 22th July – 19th August, trench supervisor (directed by prof. Vincenzo La Rosa) – 2000 Italy: Cerveteri, Etruscan temple of Hercules, 1st – 15th October, assistant trench supervisor (directed by prof. Adriano Maggiani) Ceramic studies

 – 2013 Crete: ceramic material from Mallia, Magazins Dessenne;

– 2012 Crete: a) MM IIA pottery from Phaistos Palace (Room IL);

b) ceramic material from the survey in the Mirabello region;

– 2011 Crete: MM IIA pottery from Phaistos Palace (Room IL);

2010 Crete: MM IIA pottery from Phaistos Palace (Bastione II);

– 2008-2009 Crete: MM IB-MM IIB pottery from the tholos tombs of Kamilari;

– 2007 Crete: MM IB-MM IIB pottery from Phaistos, Ayia Triada and the tholos tombs of Kamilari;

– 2006 Crete: MM IB-MM IIB pottery from Phaistos Palace and from the tholos tombs of Kamilari;

– 2001 and 2003-2005 Crete: MM IB-MM IIB pottery from the Quarter to the West of the West Court of Phaistos.